Background: Human beings behavior and activities are the result of their needs and motives Managers by recognizing and predicting these items and on time satisfaction of them can benefit from the work force in achieving organizational goals more efficiently Objective: To determine motivational factors affecting educational performance from the point of view of faculty members in Kerman University of Medical Sciences Methods: All faculty members of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (308 ones) were participated in this descriptive study Data collection was done by a researchermade questionnaire confirmed in regard to validity and reliability Results: According to the obtained results male faculty members (856%) and those over 40 years old (545%) had the highest percents In regard to the academic rank the highest percent was related to instructors (437%) and assistant professors (437%) Those with 11 20 years job experience had the highest percent (424%) In external motives the highest mean scores were related to “availability of conditions for improving the level of knowledge and information (X= 440 SD= 062)” and “job security (X=455 SD= 069)” and in internal motives “inherent interest in teaching (X= 455 SD= 069)” and “being orderly (X= 440 SD= 079)” had the highest percents Conclusion: External and internal motives both affect the performance of faculty members and consequently the quality of academic activities in universities