Document Type : Original Article
General Practitioner & M.Sc. in Medical Education, Medical Education Development Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Ph.D. in Language Education, Assistant Professor of Medical Education Dept., Medical Education Development Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
M.Sc. in Medical Education, Instructor of Librarianship and Medical Informatics Dept., School of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background & Objective : Students learning style as one of the effective factors on learning and academic achievement is always taken into consideration in a successful educational system Identifying learners learning style would lead to selecting more appropriate teaching methods by teachers and learning styles by learners Therefore this study was aimed to identify medical students learning style and its relationship with their academic achievement Methods : In this descriptiveanalytic study medical freshmen and fifthyear students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences participated by completing the standard questionnaire of Kolbs The average of all students theoretical and practical exam scores together with the fifthyear students OSCE and preinternship exam scores were considered as indices for academic achievement Results : The most common learning styles among the freshmen were convergent (503%) and assimilation (366%) whereas the fifthyear medical students mentioned convergent (69%) and accommodation (167%) There was a statistically significant difference between learning styles in both student groups (P=00001) convergent and accommodation learning styles were more common among fifthyear students compared with the freshmen while such a result was the inverse for divergent and assimilation learning styles There was no significant difference between learning style and students academic achievement Conclusion : As convergent learning style was considered to be the dominant one and simulation laboratory assignments and problem–based learning are the most suitable learning atmospheres it is appreciated if educational planners prepare such environments
- Kordnoghabi R. The relationship between field dependent & independent learning styles in the students and their parents’ educational method. Master’s dissertation. Tehran: Allameh Tabatabaei University; 1999. [In Persian]
- Poorsafar A, Nemati M, Falah S. An introduction to experimental learning theory: Views and applications. IJME 2004; 7: 19-26. [In Persian]
- Salehi S, Soleimani B, Amini P, Shahnoshi E. Determination of relation between learning styles and preferable educational methods of nurse students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. IJMS 2000; 1 (1): 41-6. [In Persian]
- Shariatmadari A. Training psychology. Tehran: Amir Kabir; 1989: 315. [In Persian]
- Ahmadi GH. Memory and Learning. Tehran: Ghoghnoos; 1997: 11. [In Persian]
- Bastable SB. Essentials of patient education. New York: Jones and Bartlett Publishers;2006.
- Rasoli-Nejad SA, Rasoli-Nejad V. Learning styles of paramedical students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences 2005. SDME 2006; 3 (1): 26-32. [In Persian]
- Van Wynen E. Information processing style: One size does not fit all. Nurse educator 1997; 22 (5): 44.
- Metallidou P, Platsidou M. Kolb’s Learning style inventory-1985: Validity issues and relations with metacognitive knowledge about problem-solving strategies. Learning and Individual Differences 2008; 18 (1): 114-9.
- Pooladi A, Bahram Rezaee M, Abedi F, Molanaee A. The study of learning styles in different semesters medical students in basis of Kolb theory in Kordestan Medical Sciences University in 2006. Abstract of 8th National Congress on Medical Education, Kerman University of Medical Sciences 2007; 51-2. [In Persian]
- Poorsafar A, Nemati M, Zaeemi E. The study of students learning styles in Gilan medical Sciences University in 2005. Abstract of 7th National Congress On Medical Education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 2005; 14: 177. [In Persian]
- Kalbasi S, Naseri M, Sharifzadeh GH, Poorsafar A. Medical students learning style in Birjand Medical Sciences University. SDME 2008; 5 (1): 10-6. [In Persian]
- Lynch TG, Woelfl NN, Steele DJ, Hanssen CS. Learning style influences student examination performance. Am J Surg 1998; 176 (1): 62-6.
- Curry L. Cognitive and learning styles in medical education. Med Educ 2005; 74 (4): 409-13.
- Willcoxson M, Prosser M Kolb’s learning style inventory: Review and further study of validity and reliability. British Journal of Educational Psychology 1996; 66: 247-52.
- Flower P. Learning styles of radiographers. Radiography 2002; 8 (1): 3-11.
- Karami R. The relationship between learning styles and nineteen learning methods in pupil Charoimagh's high school. Master’s dissertation. Tabriz: School of Training Sciences, Tabriz University; 2003. [In Persian]
- Kolb AY, Kolb DA. The Kolb Learning style Inventory–version 3.1 2005 Technical Specifications. Boston: Case Western University; 2005: 1-12.
- Valizadeh L, Fathizadeh S, Zamanzadeh V. Nursing students learning styles of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. IJME 2006; 6(2): 141-5. [In Persian]
- Sarchami R, Hoseini M. Nursing students learning style in Qazvin Medical Sciences University & correlation with their achievement. Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences 2004; 8 (1): 64-7. [In Persian]
- Hoseini M, Azizi F, Khanzadeh A. Learning styles of medical students based on Kolb Theory in Qazvin Medical Sciences in 2008. Abstract of 6th National Congress of Medical Education, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 2003: 4. [In Persian]
- DeCoux VM. Kolb’s learning style inventory: A review of its applications in nursing research. J Nurs Educ. 1990; 29 (5): 202-7.
- Piane G, Rydman RJ, Rubens AJ. Learning style preferences of public health students. J Med Syst 1996; 20 (6): 377-84.
- Bitran M, Lafuente M, Zúñiga D, Viviani P, Mena B. The influence of psychological features and learning styles on the academic performance of medical students. Rev Med Chil 2004; 132 (9): 127-36.
- Smits PB, Verbeek JH, Nauta MC, Ten Cate TJ, Metz JC, van Dijk FJ. Factors predictive of successful learning in postgraduate medical education. Med Educ. 2004; 38 (7): 758-66.
- DiBartola LM, Miller MK, Turley CL. Do learning style and learning environment affect learning outcome? J Allied Health. 2001; 30(2): 112-5.
- Heffler B. Individual learning style and the learning style inventory. Educational Studies 2001; 27 (3): 307-16.
- Nulty D. Barrett MA. Transitions in students’ learning styles. Studies in Higher Education 1996; 21 (3): 333-45.
- Marriott P. A longitudinal study of undergraduate accounting students' learning style preferences at two UK universities. Accounting Education. 2002; 11 (1): 43-62.
- Mammen JM, Fischer DR, Anderson A, James LE, Nussbaum MS, Bower RH, et al. Learning styles vary among general surgery residents: Analysis of 12 years of data. J Surg Educ 2007; 64 (6): 386-9.