Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc Student in Medical Education, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Ph.D in Nursing, Assistant professor in Nursing School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Psychiatrist, Associate Professor, Medical School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran

4 MSc in Statistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan ,Iran


Background & Objective: One of the most important factors in students learning is their learning style whose identification helps to produce an optimal and effective learning program This study aimed to determine the learning styles in medical students and providing an appropriate teaching method based on their views Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted in 2011 on 276 medical students who were chosen by proportional to size method The means of data collection was a questionnaire which included three parts ie demographic factors Kolbs learning styles and questions about teaching methods Then the data were collected and analyzed Results: Learning style of most of the students was assimilator (471%) and the order afterwards was divergent style (268%) convergent (185%) and accommodator (76%) respectively The most appropriate teaching methods from the viewpoints of students were concept attainment ward report and caseconference methods No statistically significant association was found between the learning style and the variables of age gender academic year and material status There was a statistically significant association between the habitat of students and their wish to continue study however in urban students was accommodator and in students who wanted to study in postgraduate levels learning style was divergent Conclusion: Considering note that medical students have chosen concept attainment ward report and caseconference methods as appropriate pattern of teaching for their training this results are helpful for medical education system so that to improve students learning The lecturers had better bring studentcentered approach in which learners have an active role to learn rather than uniform teaching method such as lectures


  1. Safavi A. Methods, Techniques and Teaching skills. Tehran: samt; 2008: 3. [In Persian].
  2. Seif AA. Modern Educational Psychology. Tehran: Doran; 2011: 171-182. [In Persian].
  3. Barratt MS, Mover VA. Effect of a teaching skills program on faculty skills and confidence. Ambulatory Pediatrics 2004; 4(1): 117-20.
  4. Emamipour S, Esfandabad H. Learning and cognitive styles, theories and test. Tehran: samt; 2010:6-11, 27-83. [In Persian]
  5. Smith P, Dalton J. Getting to grips with learning styles. Australian: The national center for vocational Education Research(NCVER); 2005:1-24.
  6. Kolb DA. Learning-Style Inventory. Boston: McBer and Company; 2007.
  7. Sternberg RJ. Thinking Styles. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1999.
  8. Contessa JM, Ciardiello KA, Perlman S. Surgery resident learning styles and academic acheivment. Current Surgery 2005; 62(3):344-7.
  9. Fowler P. Learning styles of radiographers. Radiography 2002; 8(1):3-11.
  10. Lujan HL, Dicarbo SE. First year medical students prefer multiple learning styles. Advances in Physiology Education 2006; 30(1):13-6.
  11. Mammen JMV, Fisher DR, Anderson A, et al. Learning styles vary a mong general surgery residents; Analysis of 12 years of data. Journal of Surgical Education, 2007; 64(6):386-9.
  12. Hosseini LL, Seif AA. Learning style’s students with regard to sex, sections and educational methods. Seasonal of Research and Programming at High Education 2001; 19: 114-93. [In Persian]
  13. Salehi SH, Soleimani B, Amini P, Shahnooshi E. A survey of relation between learning styles and preferred teaching methods in students of nursing, Isfahan University of medical sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2000; 1(1): 40-6. [In Persian].
  14. Kalbasi S, Naseri M, Sharifzadeh GH, Poursafar A. Medical students learning styles in Birjand Medical University. Strides Development in Medical Education 2008; 5(1):10-6. [In Persian]
  15. Sarchami R, Hosseini M. Relationship of learning styles with educational progress of nursing students in Qazvin. The Journal of Qazvin medical sciences university 2004; 30: 64-7. [In Persian]
  16. Joyce B, Calhoun E, Hopkins D. Models of Learning Tools for Teaching. 4th ed. Buckingham: Philadelphia; 2011.
  17. Azizi F, Khanzadeh A, Hhosseini M. Learning styles of Medical students based on Kolb Theory in Qazvin Medical Sciences in 2008. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2002; 2(4): 87-8. [In Persian]
  18. Hosseini LL, Seif AA. Learning styles students with regard to sex, sections and educational methods. Seasonal of Research and Programming at High Education 2001; 19:93-114. [In Persian]
  19. Ghajarzadeh M, AdiliAghdam F. Learning styles of different residents in Tehran Medical Sciences University. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences 2012;94:27-32[In Persian]
  20. Najafi Kalyani M, KarimiSh, Jamshidi N. Comparison of learning styles and preferred teaching methods of students in Fasa University of Medical Sciences. Arak Medical University Journal 2010;12(4): 8994. [In Persian]