Document Type : Original Article
PhD in Marv Epidemiology and Biostatistics PhD , Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
M.Sc. Student in Epidemiology, Iranian Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
PhD in Epidemiology, Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
PhD in Information Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Library Sciences, Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
PhD in Epidemiology, Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Background & Objective: Improving the quality of education is the most central values of academic institutions and higher education Given professors have played a decisive role in this context for assessing the quality of education we need to evaluate the quality of instruction One of the common methods for professors evaluation is evaluation by students that it usually takes place at the end of each semester With regard to the professors evaluation data are of various types: the longitudinal data or repeated measurements over time therefore to evaluate it the quality of instruction should be used with longitudinal data analysis However such methods often are explained by complex methodology This article introduces multilevel linear model and generalized estimating equations approach and valueadded models by simple and applied expression as appropriate models for analysis of longitudinal data such as professors evaluation data
- Yamani N, Yousefy A, Changiz T. Proposing a Participatory Model of Teacher Evaluation. Iran J Med Sci Educ 2006; 6(2): 120-7. [In Persian]
- Ranjbar M, Vahid Shahi K, Mahmoudi M. Viewpoints of the attending and medical students about the Students' evaluation of the attending, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, 2005. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2007; 16(56): 116-26. [In Persian]
- Tootoonchi M, Changiz T, Alipour L, Yamani N. Faculty Members’ Viewpoints towards Teacher Evaluation Process in Isfahan University of Medical Science. Iran J Med Sci Educ 2006; 6(1):23-31. [In Persian]
- Amini M, Honardar M. The view of faculties and medical students about evaluation of faculty teaching experiences. Koomesh 2008; 9(3): 171-8. [In Persian]
- Kaikhaei A, Navidian A, Tabassi MA, Sargaz GH. The view of Teachers' Zahedan University of Medical Sciences about evaluations of faculty members. Zahedan J Res Med Sci 2003; 4(3): 135-40 [In Persian]
- Dehghani M, Nakhaee N. Faculty evaluation by students: a review of criticisms. Strides Dev Med Educ 2012; 9(2):102-9. [In Persian]
- Shakurnia A, Fakour M , Elhampoor H, Taherzadeh M, Chab F. Consistent with the faculty Self ' evaluation scores by Evaluation by students: students in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in 2009. Iran J Educ Med Sci 2010; 10(3): 229-37. [In Persian]
- Shakurnia A. Teachers' attitudes towards students' evaluations: Viewpoints of students will it really matter? Iran J Educ Med Sci 2011; 11(2): 84-93. [In Persian]
- Adib-Hajbaghery M, Azizi-Fini E. Longitudinal Study of CardioPulmonary Resuscitation Knowledge and Skills among Nurse Interns of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Med Educ 2013; 13(2):134-45. [In Persian]
- Twisk JWR. Applied longitudinal data analysis for epidemiology. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2013.
- Twisk JWR. Applied multilevel analysis: a practical guide for medical researchers. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2006.
- Goe L, Bell C, Little O. Approaches to evaluating teacher effectiveness: A research synthesis. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality; 2008.
- Rencher AC, Christensen WF. Methods of multivariate analysis. 3nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, INC; 2012
- Twisk JW. Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology: A Practical Guide. 2nd ed. New York: Published by Cambridge University Press; 2013
- Snijders T, Bosker R. Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modeling. London: Sage; 2011.
- Goldstion H. Multilevel statistical models. London: Arnold publishers; 1999.
- Goldstion H. Multilevel models in education and social research. University Press; 1987. London: Oxford
- Hox JJ. Applied multilevel analysis. Amsterdam: TT-publikaties; 1995.
- Amir Kafi M. The Importance and logic of multilevel models in social research. Iran J Sociol 2007; 7(4): 38-71. [In Persian].
- Ziegler A, Vens M. Generalized Estimating Equations. Notes on the choice of the working correlation matrix. Methods Inf Med 2010; 49(5):421-5
- Nakai M, Ke W. Statistical Models for Longitudinal Data Analysis. Applied Mathematical Sciences 2009; 3(40): 1979-89.
- Cui J. QIC program and model selection in GEE analyses. Stata Journal 2007;7(2): 20920.
- Jang MJ. (dissertation). Working correlation selection in generalized estimating equations. Lowa: The University of Lowa; 2011.
- Burton P, Gurrin L, Sly P. Tutorial in biostatistics. Extending the simple linear regression model to account for correlated responses: an introduction to generalized estimating equations and multi-level mixed modeling. Stat Med 1998; 17(11): 1261-91.