Document Type : Original Article
Ph.D. Student, Department of Health and Emergency Crisis Management, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Ph.D. in Health and Emergency Crisis Management, Assistant Professor, Department of Disaster Management and Emergency Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
M.Sc. in Nursing, Instructor, Department of Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
General Practitioner, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Ph.D. Student, Department of Health and Emergency Crisis Management AND Shakhespajouh Research Center, Isfahan, Iran
M.Sc. in Software Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran
Background & Objective: Advances in information and communication technology has created new attitudes toward education and its methods Thus changing learning approaches to training through the use of electronic resources and virtual education has become important The purpose of this study was to compare the two virtual and traditional education methods in terms of practical skills in prehospital emergency paramedic technicians Methods: This quasiexperimental study was performed in 2013 Practical skills such as basic and advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation triage and familiarity with emergency equipment and correct transference method were taught through workshops and electronic learning in two groups of 40 people Then learners satisfaction with the education methods was measured and data were analyzed using SPSS software Results: The mean theory scores of all courses were significant There were significant differences between the mean scores of practical courses of cardiac and pulmonary resuscitation equipment and transference through workshops and electronic learning However no significant difference was observed among the two methods in triage training Conclusion: According to the results the electronic learning method is recommended in courses such as triage that have more theoretical aspects for paramedic technicians Considering the characteristics of electronic learning it can be used as a complementary method to traditional education
- Pointer JE. Experience and mentoring requirements for competence in new/inexperienced paramedics. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2001;5(4):379-83.
- Karamizadeh Z, Zarifsanayei N, Faghihi AA, Mohammadi H, Habibi M. The study of effectiveness of blended learning approach for medical training courses. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012, 14(1):41-4.
- Rigobon R, Stoker TM. Estimation with Censored Regressors: Basic Issues. Int Economic Review. 2007; 48(4): 1441–67.
- Blackwell TH1, Kaufman JS. Response Response time effectiveness: comparison of response time and survival in an urban emergency medical services system. Acad Emerg Med. 2002;9(4):288-95.
- Michau R, Roberts S, Williams B, Boyle M. An investigation of theory-practice gap in undergraduateparamedic education. BMC Med Educ. 2009;9:23.
- Judge TP. Reforming emergency care" and ambulance services. Emerg Med J. 2004;21(1):4.
- National report of the Islamic Republic of Iran on disaster reduction. World Conference on disaster reduction; 2005 Jan 18-22; Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. 2005.
- Bahrami MA, Ranjbar Ezzatabadi M, Maleki A, Asqari R, Ahmadi Tehrani Gh. A survey on the Yazd Pre-hospital emergency medical servics’ performance assessment 2009-2010. Tolooe Behdasht. 2010; 9(4): 45-59. [In Persian]
- Boyle MJ, Smith EC, Archer FL: Trauma incidents attended byemergency medical services in Victoria, Australia. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2008, 23(1):20-8.
- Zoljalali Sh, Rezvani F, Soltani H, Sarafi M, Samadi A, Azimi K. Prehospital Medical Hospital. Tehran: Simindokht Pub; 2007: 3-5. [In Persian]
- Mulholland S, Derdall M. An early fieldwork experience: studentand preceptor perspectives. Can 2007;74(3):161-71. J Occup Ther.
- Williams B, Brown T, Archer F. Can DVD simulations provide an effective alternative for paramedic clinical placement education? Emerg Med J. 2009;26(5):377-81.
- Wanwipa T. A Comparison of E-Learning and Traditional Learning:Experimental Approach. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mobile Learning, E-Society and E-LearningTechnology ( ICMLEET ); 2013 Nov 6-7; Singapore. 2013
- Devlin JW1, Marquis F, Riker RR, Robbins T, Garpestad E, Fong JJ, et al. Combined didactic and scenario-based education improves the ability of intensive care unit staff to recognize delirium at the bedside. Crit Care. 2008;12(1):R19.
- Nourian A, Nourian A, Ebn Ahmadi A, Akbarzadeh AR, Khoshnevisan MH. Comparison of E-learning and Traditional Classroom Instruction ofDental Public Health for Dental Students of Shahid Beheshti Dental School during 2010-2011. J Dent Sch. 2012; 30(3):174-83. [In Persian]
- Abolhasani Sh, Haghani F. Problem-based learning in nursing education: A review article. Iran J Med Educ. 2011;10(5): 726-34. [In Persian]
- Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barugh N, Bahrani N. The effect of lecture and E-learning methods on learning mother and child health course in nursing students. Iran J Med Educ. 2007; 7(1): 31-9. [In Persian]
- Olmstead C. (dissertation). Using technology to increase parent involvement. California: California State University; 2012.
- Goodarzvand M, Esmaeili M. Information Technology impression on education quality. J New Approaches Educ Administration. 2012; 2( 3): 1-24. [In Persian]
- Teo T. Modeling technology acceptance in education: A study of pre-service teachers. Computers & Education. 2009; 52(2): 30212
- Khatoni A, Dehghan Nayery N, Ahmady F, Haghani H. The effect of web-based and traditionalinstructions on nurses' knowledge about AIDS. Iran J 2011;11(2):140-8. [In Persian] Med Educ.
- Boyle M, Williams B, Burgess B. Contemporary simulation education for undergraduate paramedic students. Emerg Med J. 2007;24(12):854–7.
- David G1, Brachet T. Retention, learning by doing, and performance in emergency medical services. 2009;44(3):902-25. Health Serv Res.
- Shahsavari Isfahani S, Mosallanejad L, Sobhanian S. The effect of virtual and traditional methods on students learning and competency – based skills. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci. 2010; 14(3): 184-90. [In Persian]
- Al-Taie N. The Effect of Using E-Learning Curriculum And Traditional Classroom Curriculum :Comparison &Merits, ICIT 2013. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Technology; 2013 May 8-10; Amman, Jordan. 2013
- Reime MH, Harris A, Aksnes J, Mikkelsen J. The most successful method in teaching nursing students infection control - Elearning or lecture? Nurse Educ Today. 2008;28(7):798-806.
- Hale LS, Mirakian EA, Day DB. Online vs classroom instruction: student satisfaction and learning outcomes in an undergraduate Allied Health pharmacology course. J Allied Health. 2009;38(2):e36-42.