Strides in Development of Medical Education

Authors

1 MSc in Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Library and Medical Information, Center for Civil Services Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 PhD Student, Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Background & Objective: The main prospect of medical education is improving the quality of health care provided by clinicians The quality and timing of services is related to medical education that can train researchers to solve the problems of the changing requirements of society Problembased learning (PBL) as a studentcentered learning approach can provide the context for such medical education The aim of present study was to obtain appropriate information about the effective use of PBL in Iranian medical education from available studies through a systematic review Methods: In the present study 16 studies on the effect of PBL on learning satisfaction and efficacy ‎of medical education were reviewed This systematic review was performed by searching the Google Scholar PubMed Magiran Iran Medex and SID databases using the keywords problembased learning medical education and Iran We included studies that were published from 2003 to 2015 in Iran The results of all studies were reviewed by two researchers using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklists Results: From among the 130 selected articles 16 studies were included in the study The level of satisfaction with this type of training was reported as high The students performance was satisfactory with this educational method This method of training had a significant effect on the increasing of student learning particularly in the clinical and practical fields and strengthening of active learning selfdirection motivation and critical thinking Conclusion: According to the results of this study PBL can be used as an effective educational method for medical education in Iran

Keywords