Document Type : Original Article
MSc of Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background & Objective: Focus group discussions are a way to solve problems in nursing A great extent of information on the specific issues and problems of nursing can be obtained through the activity of members in this method The aim of this study was to review studies conducted using this method as a problem solving method in nursing Methods: This study was a descriptive review on the objectives processes and applications of focus group discussion regarding problem solving in nursing The databases of Iranmedex Magiran SID Scopus ScienceDirect Elsevier Google Scholar and PubMed were searched using the keyword of focus group group interviews nursing and focus group discussion for publication in the years 19982015 Results: A focus group is a semistructured group session which is moderated by a group leader and held in an informal setting to collect information about a designated topic A focus group discussion is an interview with emphasis on interaction between the participants and the data generated is very difficult to achieve through individual interviews or participant observation The main components of a focus group include a skilled moderator appropriately selected participants appropriate place and time and correct implementation of the process Tape recording and verbatim transcription along with field notes are the usual methods of documenting data in focus groups Conclusion: Focus group discussion consists of a series of carefully planned discussions designed to obtain perceptions on a defined area of interest in a permissive nonthreatening environment Costeffectiveness flexibility and stimulating are some of the features of focus group discussions which can generate very useful information
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