Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student in Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Student Research Committee, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 PhD Student in Health Promotion and Health Education, Department of Health, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

5 MSc in Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 PhD in Statistics, Department of Statistics and Mathematics, Hospital Management Research Center, School of Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran


Background & Objective: Selfmedication is one of the chief health problems and educational programs on its prevention are very important An educational program can be considered effective if it can make the necessary changes in participants knowledge and behavior The aim of this study was to evaluate the educational prevention program of selfmedication in women using the Kirkpatrick model Methods: This evaluation study was carried out on 88 women The cluster sampling method was used The data collection tools consisted of the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (‎DREEM) and a researchermade questionnaire based on the Kirkpatrick model the validity and reliability of which were measured The experimental group attended the educational program for 1 month The effectiveness rate of the course was calculated based on significant differences in learning reaction and behavior scores of the case and control groups during the pretest and posttest The collected data were analyzed in SPSS statistical software using descriptive and analytical statistical tests Results: The mean scores of desirability rate of participants reactions in terms of students perception of learning environment students academic selfperception students social selfperception students perception of atmosphere and students perception of teachers were 4481 ± 706 3150 ± 411 2250 ± 354 4310 ± 746 and 4137 ± 520 respectively After the educational intervention ttest results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in mean score of knowledge change and attitude change in the second evaluation level and also between mean score of behavior change in the third level (P < 0001) Conclusion: According to the Kirkpatrick model the educational prevention program of selfmedication resulted in favorable outcomes in the three evaluated levels of reaction learning and behavior and showed satisfactory efficiency


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