Document Type : Original Article
M.Sc. in Education Management, Instructor, Department of Education, Payame Noor University of Azarshahr, Tabriz, Iran
Background & Objective: Procrastination is often described as a deliberate and irrational delay It is prevalent among students all over the world The aim of this was study to determine the prevalence of academic procrastination among the students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Iran in the academic year 20142015 and its correlation with academic performance Methods: This crosssectional study was carried on 150 medical nursing and midwifery students living in the dormitory of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences The subjects were selected through nonprobability sampling The data collection tool used was the Academic Procrastination Scale (APS) designed by Solomon and Rothblum The total reliability of the PAS and the reliability of its subscales were determined using Cronbachs alpha (range: 041078) The data were analyzed using chisquare test and multiple regression analysis Results: According to the results the prevalence of procrastination and its dimensions were 353% 280% 307% and 313% respectively The chisquare test also showed that procrastination in assignments articles and essays preparation and the total score of procrastination had a meaningful negative correlation with the academic performance of the nursing and obstetric students (P < 001) Furthermore the total score of procrastination and its dimensions had significant negative correlation with the academic performance of the whole sample (P < 001) The stepwise multiple regression reveald analysis that the total score of procrastination was the best factor for predicting academic performance Conclusion: The present study results indicated procrastination as the most common cause of reduction of academic performance among students Therefore complementary studies are needed to investigate the causes of academic procrastination
- Steel P. The nature of procrastination: a meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychol Bull. 2007;133(1):65-94.
- Kagan M, Cakir O, Ilhan T, Kandmir M. The explanation of the academic procrastination behaviour of university students with perfectionism, obsessive – compulsive and five factor personality traits. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 2(2): 2121–5.
- Milgram N, Mey-Tal G, Levison Y. Procrastination, generalized or specific, in college students and their parents. Pers Individ Dif. 1998; 25(2): 297-316.
- Rothblum ED, Solomon LJ, Murakami J. Affective, cognitive, and behavioral differences between high and low procrastinators. J Couns Psychol. 1986; 33(4): 387-394.
- Senecal C, Koestner R. Self-regulation and academic procrastination. J Soc Psychol. 1995; 135(5): 607-19.
- Schouwenburg HC, Lay CH. Trait procrastination and the Big-Five factors of personality. Pers Individ Dif. 1995; 18(4): 481-90.
- Onwuegbuzie AJ, Collins KM. Writing apprehension and academic procrastination among graduate students. Percept Mot Skills. 2001;92(2):560-2.
- Semb G, Glick DM, Spencer RE. Student withdrawals and delayed work patterns in self-paced psychology courses. Teach of Psychology. 1979; 6(1): 23–5.
- Ferrari JR, Ocallahan J, Newbegin I. Prevalence of procrastination in the United States, United Kingdom & Australia: Arousal & Avoidance Delay among adults. N Am J Psychol. 2005; 7(1): 1-6.
- Wolters CA. Understanding procrastination from a self-regulated learning perspective. J Educ Psychol. 2003; 95(1): 179–87.
- O’Brien WK. Applying the transtheoretical model to academic procrastination. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2002; 62(11-B): 5359
- Kachgal MM, Hansen LS, Nutter KJ. Academic procrastination prevention/intervention: Strategies & Recommendations. J Dev Educ. 2001; 25(1): 14- 24.
- Çapan BE. Relationship among perfectionism, academic procrastination and life satisfaction of university students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 5(1): 1665–71
- Ellis A, Knaus, WJ. Overcoming procrastination: How to think and act rationally in spite of life's inevitable hassles. New York: Institute for Rational Living; 1997.
- Clark JL, Hill OW. Academic procrastination among African-American college students. Psychological Reports. 1994; 75(1): 931–6.
- Solomon LJ, Rothblum ED. Academic procrastination: Frequency and cognitive-behavioral correlates. J Counseling Psychology. 1984; 31(4): 503–9.
- Balkis M, Duru E. Prevalence of academic procrastination behavior among pre-service teachers, and its relationship with demographics and individual preferences. J Theory Pract Educ. 2009, 5(1): 18-32.
- Ozer BU, Demir A, Ferrari JR. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons. J Soc Psychol. 2009; 149(2):241-57.
- McCown W, Roberts R. A study of academic and work-related dysfunctioning relevant to college version of an indirect measure of impulsive behavior. Radnor, PA: Integra Technical Paper; 1994:94-128.
- Tavakoli MA. A study of the prevalence of academic procrastion among students and its relationship with demographic characteristics, preferences of study time, and purpose of entering university. Quarterly Educationa Psychology. 2013; 9(28): 99-120. [In Persian]
- Savari K. Study investigates the prevalence of academic procrastination among boys & girls students of Ahwaz Payame Noor University. Social Cognition. [In Persian] 2013; 1 (2): 62-8.
- Fritzsche BA, Young BR, Hickson KC. Individual differences in academic procrastination tendency and writing success. Pers Individ Dif. 2003; 35(7): 1549–57.
- Saremi Rasouli F. (dissertation). Survey of the relationship between academic procrastination, academic achievement and self-efficacy in nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2012. Tehran: Tehran University of Medical Sciences; 2013. [In Persian]
- Hassanbeigi A, Askari J, Nakhjavani M, Shirkhoda S, Barzegar K, Mozayyan MR, et al. The relationship between study skills and academic performance of university students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011; 30: 1416-24.
- Jowkar B, Delavarpoor MA. Procrastination relationship with achievement goals. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts on Education. 2006; 3(34): 61-80. [In Persian]
- Klassen RM, Krawchuk LL, Rajani S. Academic procrastination of undergraduates: Low selfefficacy to self-regulate predicts higher levels of procrastination. Contemporary Psychology. 2008; 33(4): 915-31.
- Canter DE. (dissertation). Perfectionism, Educational Self-Appraisals, and Academics in College UndergraduatesRichmond, VA: Commonwealth University; 2008. Virginia
- Howell AJ, Watson DC, Powell RA, Buro K. Academic procrastination: the pattern and correlates of behavioural postponement. Pers Individ Dif. 2006; 40(8): 1519-30.
- Lakshminarayan N, Potdar S, Reddy SC. Relationship between procrastination and academic performance among a group of undergraduate dental students in India. J Dent Educ. 2013; 77(4):524-8.
- Watson DC. Procrastination and the five-factor model: A facet level analysis. Pers Individ Dif. 2001; 30(1):149–58.
- Schiming CR. Patterns of homework initiation for web-based activities in economics: A study of academic procrastination. Journal for Economic Educators. 2012; 12(1):13-25.
- Senécal C, Koestner R, Vallerand RJ. Selfregulation and academic procrastination. The Journal of Social Psychology. 1995; 135(5):60719.
- Chow HPH. Procrastination among undergraduate students: effects of emotional intelligence, school life, self-evaluation, and self-efficacy. Alberta Journal of Educational Research. 2011; 57(2):23440.
- Day V, Mensink D, O'Sullivan M. Patterns of academic procrastination. Journal of College Reading and Learning. 2000; 30(2):120-34.
- Buehler R, Griffin D, Peetz J. Chapter one-the planning fallacy: cognitive, motivational, and social origins. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 2010; 43:1-62.
- Kahneman D, Tversky A. Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society. 1979; 47(2):263-91.