Document Type: Original Article


1 Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Nursing Research Center, Razi Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Neuroscience Research Center, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

5 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman,Iran



Objectives: The current study aimed to investigate the effect of group counseling with emphasis on communication skillson midwifery students’ sense of belonging in clinical settings.

This interventional study with the pretest-posttest  control group design was conducted on 78 midwifery students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, in 2016.The participants were selected using the census method. Of the total study population, sixty students with low level of mental health were screened using Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire and randomly included in an intervention and a control group. They filled out Belongingness Scale–Clinical Placement Experience (BES–CPE) as the pretest. The intervention consisted of eight group counseling sessions (two 2-hour sessions per week) with emphasis on communication skills that were held in their faculty. The final sample included fifty two students filling out the posttest instruments. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.

There was no significant difference in terms of demographic factors between two groups. There was a significant difference between the groups in terms of total score (P<0.0001) as well as the self-esteem and self-efficacy subscales (p<0.05).
Sense of belonging in clinical settings is required for midwifery students so that they can improve their communicaton skills in such settings. Therefore, it is recommended to include programs in midwifery curricula in order to improve students’ sense of belonging with enhancing their communication skills.


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