Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc in Medical Education, Department of Medical Education, Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 PhD in Epidemiology, Vector-Borne Disease Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Nursing Education, Associate professor, Medical Education Leadership and Management Research Center, Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


Background: Time management and metacognitive strategies are the most important academic skills of students to achieve scientific success.
Objectives: The current study aimed at comparing the effect of the two widely used teaching methods, role-playing, and lecturing, on learning the communication skills among health workers of Kerman health centers in Iran, 2018.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 on 322 graduate students. The time-management questionnaire developed by Britton and Tesser and the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory Schraw and Dennison were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, and standard deviation) and Pearson correlation coefficient, and Multivariate Linear Regression by SPSS software.
Results: The mean score of time management in students was 5.24±32.41 (14-70) and the mean score of metacognitive strategies was 11.56±148.97 (52-260), which showed the -moderate level of students regarding these factors. A positive and significant relationship was observed between time management and metacognitive strategies (P <0.050).
Conclusion: Time management and metacognitive strategies of graduate students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences is at a moderate level. Due to the relationship between time management and metacognitive strategies, it is recommended to pay attention to metacognitive components in teaching and learning methods. It is also suggested to plan for the creativity and innovation of these students to use their ability to achieve organizational goals.


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