Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 B.Sc. in Public Health, Health Behavior and Heath Promotion Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Biostatistics, Instructor of Statistics and Epidemiology Dept., School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

3 M.Sc. in Health Education, Expert in Family Health, Health Center of Meybod, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

4 M.Sc. Student of Social Science Research, School of Human Sciences, Ashtian Azad Islamic University, Ashtian, Iran


Background & Objective : One of the most important factors which prevent students from achieving their attempts desirable result is lack of study skills Study skills are effective on decreasing tiredness and anxiety saving time and increasing students motivation leading to better learning and educational improvement This study was conducted to evaluate the students study skills and to determine educational priorities in order to hold improving study skills classes Methods : In this descriptive study all bachelor students in Yazd school of public health (240 students) participated Data was collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire 192 questionnaires were completed and returned Results : According to our findings the mean (±SD) score of all 30 study skills was 201(±42) The highest mean score (±SD) which was 51(±12) belonged to taking class notes while the lowest mean score which was 26(±13) belonged to time management Most of the students study skills were of moderate level (547 %) and 307% were weak whereas only 307% were considered good The mean daily studying duration was 25 hours There was no significant statistical relationship between study skills and age sex field of study semester doing morning or evening courses daily studying duration and Grade Point Average of the previous term Conclusion : As only 307% of all students were considered good regarding study skills it is suggested to hold organized and continuous educational courses to improve study skills Defined factors in this study are time management taking exam concentration reading and taking notes in order of priority


  1. Wooten SM. Study skills for college student: Under prepared or returning adult learner. 7 Jan 1999. Available from: URL: Mitchell Wooten,
  2. Nikzad M. Guide of medical acquisition in Iran. 2nd ed. Tehran: Ministry of health and medical education; 2005: 69-81. [In Persian]
  3. Saif AA. Learning and study methods. Tehran: Aghah; 2001: 61. [In Persian]
  4. Falk DR, Aitken LP. Promoting retention among American Indian college student. J American Indian Educ 1984; 23(2): 24-31.
  5. Hoover JJ, Jacobs CC. A survey of American Indian college students: Perceptions toward their study skills, college life. J American Indian Educ 1992; 32(1): 21-9.
  6. Shams B, Farshid fard M, Hasan zadeh A. Effects of counseling on the achievement of University students with dropout. IJME 2000; 1(1): 34-9. [In Persian]
  7. Aminian AH, Ghomizadeh A. Comparing successful and unsuccessful students with respect to studding methods in Yazd. Journal of Medical Education & Development Center 2007; 2(1): 8-14. [In Persian]
  8. Sawyer TM. Indian students study habits and attitudes. J American Indian Educ 1981; 20(1):13-7.
  9. Nurian A, Mousavinasab N, Fahri A, Mohammadzadeh A. Medical student study skills and habits in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. IJME 2006; 6(1): 101-6. [In Persian]
  10. Arbabi M, Akbari H. Rasuli Nejad SA. Survey of strategy learning on students of kashan Medical Sciences. The 8th National Congress of Medical Education. Kerman: kerman Univerity of Medical Sciences; 2007: 54. [In Persian]
  11. Mohammadi Asiyabi S. Self teaching of fast reading and strengthening of retention: Primary principle of learning. Tabriz: Akhtar; 1995: 37-41. [In Persian]
  12. Hosseini Shahidi L, Atarodi A, Moghimiyan M. Study and learning strategies on students. Ofoghe Danesh, Journal of Gonabad School of Medical Sciences 2006; 11(1): 53-60. [In Persian]
  13. Stephanie SZ. Exercises, sleep, water, are essential to exam preparation. Arizona Daily Wildcat May 2002. Available from: URL:
  14. Sikierski S, Naumann A. Lack of sleep during final exam week causes poor performance. Available from: URL: http://www.
  15. Students that not sleeping on exam night have lower scores. Available from: URL: [In Persian]
  16. Bellevue community college. TRIO student support services. Learning strategies for student’s success. How to survive exam weeks. Available from: URL: %20docs/Surviveexam/edu.
  17. Kushan M, Headary A. Study habits in students of Sabzevar School of Medical Sciences. Journal of Sabzevar School of Medical Sciences 2007; 13(4): 185-9. [In Persian]
  18. Sharifiyan Pour A. Survey of approach learning and study skills in language students of Shiraz University. Master Thesis. Shiraz: Faculty of complementary acquisitions Shiraz Universit; 1382. Available from: URL: .
  19. Khadiv Zadeh T, Saif AA, Valai N. The relationship of students study strategies with their personal characteristics and academic background. IJME 2005; 4(12): 53-60. [In Persian
  20. Salimi T, Shahbazi L, Seyyed Hasani SH, Ahmadie MH, Karimi H, Dehghan pour MH. A survey on students options about effective factors for academic dropout in Shahid Sadoughi University. Journal of Medical Education & Development Center 2007; 2(1): 15-23. [In Persian]