Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


Ph.D. in Nutritional Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Nutrition, Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


Background & Objective: Assessment systems should aim at evaluating the desired learning outcomes The aim of the present study was to design and validate a Mahmoodi Studying and Learning Approaches Questionnaire (MASLAQ) to identify students studying and learning methods in examinations Methods: A structured 12item questionnaire was designed based on a modified 5point Likert scale in outline of visual analogue scale to seek information on students studying and learning approaches between multiplechoice questions (MCQs) and shortanswer questions (SAQs) examinations that may affect the students learning outcome Thirtyfour students who were selected by census completed the questionnaire by test and retest method before starting the research Results: Oneweek testretest reliability of the 12item questionnaire was measured by Cronbachs alpha at 081 Reliability of the validated 12item questionnaire (189 questionnaires) was measured by Cronbachs alpha at 077 Range of agreement coefficient of kappa for pre and posttest questionnaire items were 034060 Intraclass correlation coefficient between the pre and posttest questionnaire items was ICC = 093 (P < 0001) Content validity index was computed 088 for the overall scale Construct validity was also computed Conclusion: This validated and reliable questionnaire was the exclusive instrument to assess studying and learning approaches and to evaluate learning strategies of students based on selecting examination Key Words: Validate Questionnaire Studying and learning approach Multiplechoice question Shortanswer question


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