Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD in Nursing Education, M.Sc. in Medical Education, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Razi AND Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Education, Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Psychology, Department of Community Medicine, Neuroscience Research Center and Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Professor of Epidemiology, Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran


  Background & Objective: Neglect to the principles study principles has reduced the level of human productivity and efficiency and is a cause of demoralization and loss of selfesteem research boredom and disenchantment Some learning special skills such as methods of receiving storing and recalling the correct content are needed to perform an effective study This study aimed to show the role and impact of academic learning skills and study strategies in improving students study styles and their selfefficacy and satisfaction   Methods: This interventional study using preand posttraining tests was conducted on 75 newentrant nursing and midwifery students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences Iran in 2011 Students completed a researchermade questionnaire including four parts: demographic information learning and study strategies selfefficacy and satisfaction before and after the training The data were analyzed using paired ttest   Results: There were significant difference between the mean pre (105 ± 26) and postintervention (136 ± 18) learning strategies pre (106 ± 18) and postintervention (133 ± 13) study strategies pre (105 ± 32) and postintervention (123 ± 24) selfefficacy and pre (94 ± 34) and postintervention (1208 ± 29) satisfaction scores   Conclusion: Learning and study strategies can be taught and learned Upgrading learning and study strategies increases students sense of selfefficacy and satisfaction According to our results designing a course for training study and learning strategies is suggested to improve college students learning and study skills


  1. Shabani H. Skills Training: Methods and techniques of teaching. Tehran, Iran: Samt Publication; 2001. [In Persian].
  2. Ayers MS, Reder LM. A theoretical review of the misinformation effect: Predictions from an activation-based memory model. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 1998; 5(1): 1-21.
  3. Saif AA. Educational psychology. Tehran, Iran: Agah Publication; 2003. [In Persian].
  4. Adhami A, Nouhi E, Mohammadalizadeh S, Jalili Z, Fattahi Z. Faculty Members' Attitude toward Academic Advising and Counseling and their Viewpoints about Counseling Duties. Iran J Med Educ 2008; 8(1): 7-14. [In Persian].
  5. Alipour B. Condition of Study. Tehran, Iran: Deklamegran Publication; 1997. [In Persian].
  6. Campbell DP. Achievements of counseled and non-counseled students twenty-five years after counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology 1965; 12(3): 28793.
  7. Wooten SM, Wooten CL. A Process for Transition from Secondary to Postsecondary Studies for Students with Learning Disabilities [Online]. [Cited 1987]; Available from: URL: vlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED287226/
  8. Weinstein CE, Hume LM. Study Strategies for Lifelong Learning. Washington, DC: American Psychologial Association; 1998.
  9. Nikzad M. Directory of medical education in Iran. Tehran, Iran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education; 2003. [In Persian].
  10. Biabangard A. Methods of preventing academic failure. Tehran, Iran: Press organization, Association of Parents and Teachers; 1999. p. 6. [In Persian].
  11. Saif AA. The learning and Study methods. Tehran, Iran: Doran Publication; 2001. [In Persian].
  12. Starke MC. Retention, Bonding, and Academic Achievement Effectiveness of the College Seminar in Promoting College Success [Online]. [Cited 1994]; Available from: URL: vlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED374741/
  13. Yazdani Sh, Hosseini F. Medical education program. Tehran, Iran: Center of Medical Education Development, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; 2003. [In Persian].
  14. World Federation for Medical Education. World Summit on Medical Education: The Changing Medical Profession. Copenhagen, Denmark: World Federation for Medical Education; 1994.
  15. Yip MC. Differences in Learning and Study Strategies between High and Low Achieving University Students: A Hong Kong study. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology 2007; 27(5): 597606.
  16. Ince EJ, Priest R. Changes in LASSI Scores Among Reading and Study Skills Students at the United States Military Academy. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 1998; 14(2): 1926.
  17. Amin F, Driss F, Soleimani N. Reduce wastage in the use of counseling students. Proceedings of the 3rd Seminar on the Mental Health of Students; 2006 May 2526; Tehran, Iran; 2006. [In Persian].
  18. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: Freeman; 1997.
  19. Megha KA. Customer satisfaction with low cost airlines in India. South Asian Journal of Tourism and Heritage 2009; 2: 119-34.
  20. Kavousi M, Saghaei A. Customer Satisfaction Measurement Methods. Tehran, Iran: Sabzan Publication; 2005. [In Persian].
  21. Shafia M. Customer satisfaction, productivity complementary activities. Tehran, Iran: Iranian National Productivity Organization; 2000. [In Persian].
  22. Heidari A., Khalajabadi A, Jafarian N. Hamadan University of Medical Students' Attitudes towards factors associated with academic study in 1998. Sci J Hamdan Univ Med Sci 2000; 7(4): 30-5. [In Persian].
  23. Haghani F, Khadivzade T. The Effect of a Learning and Study Skills Workshop on Talented Students' Learning and Study Strategies in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Med Educ 2009; 9(1): 3140. [In Persian].
  24. Noohi E, Shakoori A, Nakhei N. Study habits and skills, and academic achievement of students in Kerman University of medical sciences. Journal of Medical Education 2009; 12(3,4): 77-80.
  25. El-Ansari W. Student nurse satisfaction levels with their courses: Part II--effects of academic variables. Nurse Educ Today 2002; 22(2): 171-80.
  26. Umbach PD, Porter SR. How Do Academic Departments Impact Student Satisfaction? Understanding Contextual Effects of the Departments. Research in Higher Education 2002; 43(2): 209-34.
  27. El,Ansari W, Oskrochi R. What 'really' affects health satisfaction with professions their students' educational experience? Implications for practice and research. Nurse Educ Today 2004; 24(8): 644-55.
  28. Bandura A, Adams NE. Analysis of selfefficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive Therapy and Research 1977; 1(4): 287-310.
  29. Carroll A, Houghton S, Wood R, Unsworth K, Hattie J, Gordon L, et al. Self-efficacy and academic achievement in Australian high school students: the mediating effects of academic aspirations and delinquency. J Adolesc 2009; 32(4): 797-817.