Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Brief report


1 Associate Professor, Medical Education Department, Virtual Center, Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of English Language, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Education, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran


Background: Medical education professionally requires the development of analytical and diagnostic thinking skills, not just accumulation. It used to help the student from exposure to real estate problems by developing analytical skills.
Objectives: This case study reports the process of design and educational outcome of teaching medical etiquette from new student–center strategies by art.
Methods: In this experience, the educational process started during the two courses of medical etiquette courses and is performed every semester from 2018. Combination casebased/ scenario-based teaching with art in education in traditional and virtual conditions during three concurrent years was a unique experience to teaching medical etiquette courses.
Results: As a result, this program created fun, engagement, different teaching of lessons in interaction with teamwork, rethinking in performance, and student’s excitement and motivation in presenting the students’ learning products.
Conclusion: This process is an active cycle of reflection on performance and program and can be used as a model by medical etiquette teachers. We suggest more research should be developed by researchers to access all aspects of program in students’ learning and indicators.


  1. Perez Rivas FJ, Santamaria Garcia JM, Minguet AC, Beamud LM, Garcia LM. Implementation and evaluation of the nursing process in primary health care. Int J Nurs Knowl. 2012 Feb;23(1):18-28. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-3095.2011.01199.x. [PMID: 22613751]
  2. Vandsadeqpour A, Bahrami A, Abedi F, Atabati E, Farrokhfall K. Art in Medical Education from the Viewpoint of Birjand University of Medical Sciences Students. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2020; 8(3) :12-22. [In Persian]
  3. Jamshidi HR. Medical Education in 21st-century. Iran J Med Educ. 2000; 1(2):30-7. [In Persian]
  4. Panjehpour M, Ataee N. Comparison the effectiveness of problem solving method with lecture-based method in the teaching of metabolic biochemistry. Iran J Med Educ. 2012; 11(9):1318-25. [In Persian]
  5. Altenmüller EO. Music in your head. Scientific American Mind. 2004;14(1):24-31.
  6. Garmabi H, Malaki H, Beheshti S, Afhami R. Reconsideration of Aesthetic and Artistic Elements for Curriculum in Written Resources and Expert's Viewpoints. Journal of Curriculum Studies. 2016; 10(39): 49-70. [In Persian]
  7. PourHoseini M, Sajadi SM, Imani M. Explanation of Dewey's View Indications about Art and Aesthetics for Teaching and Learning Process. Research in School and Virtual Learning. 2015; 2 (7): 83-100. [In Persian]
  8. Haidet P, Jarecke J, Adams NE, Stuckey HL, Green MJ, Shapiro D, et al. A guiding framework to maximise the power of the arts in medical education: a systematic review and metasynthesis. Med Educ. 2016 Mar;50(3):320-31. doi: 10.1111/medu.12925. [PMID: 26896017].
  9. Gurwin J, Revere KE, Niepold S, Bassett B, Mitchell R, Davidson S, et al. A Randomized Controlled Study of Art Observation Training to Improve Medical Student Ophthalmology Skills. Ophthalmology. 2018 Jan;125(1):8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2017.06.031. [PMID: 28781219].
  10. Mukunda N, Moghbeli N, Rizzo A, Niepold S, Bassett B, DeLisser HM. Visual art instruction in medical education: a narrative review. Med Educ Online. 2019 Dec;24(1):1558657. doi: 10.1080/10872981.2018.1558657. [PMID: 30810510]. [PMCID: PMC6394328]
  11. Perry M, Maffulli N, Willson S, Morrissey D. The effectiveness of arts-based interventions in medical education: a literature review. Med Educ. 2011 Feb;45(2):141-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03848.x. [PMID: 21208260].
  12. Chikahisa S, Sei H, Morishima M, Sano A, Kitaoka K, Nakaya Y, et al. Exposure to music in the perinatal period enhances learning performance and alters BDNF/TrkB signaling in mice as adults. Behav Brain Res. 2006 May 15;169(2):312-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2006.01.021. [PMID: 16530277].
  13. Baradaran HR, Kuhpayehzadeh J, Ramezani-Givi S, Dehnavieh R, Noori Hekmat S. Managerial Skills Requirement of Medical Students from the Perspective of Students and Physicians: A Case Study of Iran University of Medical Sciences. Research in Medical Education. 2013; 5 (1):1-12. [In Persian]
  14. Sharafi H. A study on the possibility of integrating art production and natural science concepts in art curriculum and education. Journal of Educational Innovations. 2011; 10(3): 119-49. [In Persian]
  15. Vandsadeqpour A, Bahrami A, Abedi F, Atabati E, Farrokhfall K. The role of the art in medical education from the viewpoint of students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2020;8(3)12- 22. [In Persian]