Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. in Nursing, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


  Background & Objective: One of factors influencing students academic achievement is academic engagement The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive investigation on conceptual dimensions of academic engagement and the factors affecting it   Methods: A comprehensive search of literature published during 20012014 was performed using Persian and English databases including Magiran SID Scopus and PubMed As a result 190 texts were obtained After a close study 22 papers with the keywords of student engagement and academic engagement time were selected Selection criteria were the existence of any dimension of the concept of academic engagement and factors affecting it in the paper   Results: After assessing 22 articles the dimensions of academic engagement concept and its influencing factors were made clear Academic engagement consists of the educational behavioral cognitive and psychological dimensions Factors which affect academic engagement are the education institutions characteristics teaching methods servicebased learning technology and various levels of academic engagement   Conclusion: Through the recognition of dimensions of academic engagement and by applying factors that influence students academic engagement the wasting of their time and energy can be prevented and a valuable work force can be developed Since university engagement has been less studied in medical sciences in our country it is recommended that qualitative and quantitative research be performed in this field


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