Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD in Curriculum Development, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Educational Sciences, Professor, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Educational Sciences, Associate Professor, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Educational Sciences, Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Sari, Iran


Background & Objective: Constructivism is an approach that has profound effects on learning and teaching approaches and thus alters education teaching learner teachers roles and learning environment The medical sciences are not exempt from this effect On the other hand curriculum is the most important element for the realization of the goals and general mission of the educational system Therefore the present study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the application of constructivist curriculum at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Iran Methods: This was a descriptive survey The study population consisted of postgraduate students from 4 schools of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Through stratified random sampling method 200 participants were selected The research instrument was a questionnaire the validity and reliability of which were approved In the descriptive statistics section mean and standard deviation were used and in the inferential statistics section a independent ttest ttest and ANOVA were used Results: A significant difference was observed between the mean test curriculum elements and theoretical mean of the scale used This meant that curriculum elements based on the constructivism approach were lower than average in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Conclusion: Numerous studies have been conducted on this approach in medical education but this topic has not gained much attention in Iran According to the findings it is suggested that teachers abandon the traditional approach to teaching and utilize newer approaches such as constructivism


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