Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. in Critical Care Nursing, Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Surgical Nursing, Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 M.Sc. in Biostatistics, Thyroid Disorders Research Center, Amiralmomenin Hospital, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

5 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background & Objective: Regarding the importance of nursing education promotion there is a need to use methods that have the ability to create knowledge and skills in students This study aimed to assess the effect of education (inquiry bedside education and routine approach to clinical education) on critical care nursing students clinical learning Methods: This quasiexperimental study performed in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Valiasr hospital in Arak Iran during Octobers to March 2014 The subjects were 60 nursing students who were selected via census method and randomly were divided into three groups of 20 subjects After the administration of pretest students in the control group were educated using common method; in one of the experimental groups the inquirybased method and the other group bedside method were used for education for 10 days Then the three groups completed the questionnaires at the end of education again (posttest) Finally data were analyzed using ANOVA pairedt and independentt tests Results: The mean total score of the clinical skills and cognitive domain was significantly difference among the three groups after the intervention (F = 13675 degree of freedom = 2 P = 00001) After testing the homogeneity hypothesis of variances and using GamesHowell posthoc tests the total scores of training in bedside and inquirybased education were significantly more than the routine training after the intervention (P < 00001 and P = 00001 respectively) Conclusion: It seems that two methods inquirybased and bedside education enhanced clinical skills of students Therefore it is recommended to use these two methods of clinical educating to enhance students clinical learning


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