Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. in Health Education and Health Promotion, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Education, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Higher Education Management, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran


Background & Objective: Students participation in the classroom is a feature of many educational designs This can include scholarly and interesting ideas by students and results in the creation of positive energy and enthusiasm in the classroom atmosphere However if not managed students participation may cause burnout among teachers and confusion for students This review study aimed to assess models for students participation in the classroom and provide a general guideline to improve it Methods: To perform this review study PRISMA flow diagram was used First available scientific websites were searched using the related keywords and 35 articles were retrieved Due to inappropriate contents or repetition of ideas 25 articles were excluded Thus 10 articles which had discussed the issue and its guidelines more comprehensively were selected Parts of the contents were selected and combined to provide a brief guideline for university faculties and instructors Results: The selected studies were review studies conducted in Canada and the United States The contents of the studies included advantages of students participation in teaching strategies to increase participation reasons for the lack of participation and classification and evaluation of student participation Conclusion: Regarding the importance of students participation in the overall quality of teaching faculties are recommended to try to enhance students participation in teaching


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