Strides in Development of Medical Education



Aims and Scope

 The Strides in Development of Medical Education is the official scientific Continuous (article-based) publication of Education Development Center in Kerman University of Medical Sciences. It is dependent on Iran Medical Education Association. With a common understanding that educational research in medical sciences is a developing trend worldwide, this journal is publishing articles related to different medical sciences educational domains including medical education management, educational planning, national and international standards in medical sciences education, teaching and learning methods and tools, evaluation and accreditation systems, methodology, and technology. All is aimed to create an atmosphere to exchange successful and valuable experiences in the education of medical sciences. This journal publishes original, review, editorial, letter to the editor and short communication articles, all related to the journal goals. All submissions must be sent via on-line submission at (

Type of the articles

This Journal accepts Original Research Papers, Review Articles, Short Communications, Letter to the Editor, and Case Studies.


Authors should submit their manuscript online via submitting their manuscript to The manuscript should be typed with Microsoft Word 2007 in a single space with clear margins on both sides. The figures should be sent in a format of JPEG or GIF which will produce high-quality images in the online edition of the journal. In addition, a completed copy of a signed cover letter along with the signed declaration form by all authors (available from the Journal site) should be provided for each manuscript. Please note that the manuscript should not have been published or considered for publication in any other journal and this should be stated in the cover letter. Any contradiction to the above statement will lead to the automatic withdrawal of the manuscript. All manuscript will be screened at the time of submission and before publication using iThenticate plagiarism checker software to verify the originality of written work.


   The manuscript should include: Title page; the Abstract; Background, Objectives; Methods; Results; Discussion, Conclusions; Acknowledgement; Conflict of interest; References. Word count (including the text, reference, and tables) should not exceed 1500 for short communication/brief report, 3500 for research article and 5000 for review article/systematic review/meta-analysis.

   The title page: Title page should include the title of the manuscript, a short running title of not more than 40 characters (including spaces), complete name, higher academic degree and affiliation of the author(s), along with the contact information of the corresponding author including address, email, phone, and fax numbers.

 Abstract: Original articles, Review Articles, Short Communications must be accompanied by a structured abstract of 150-250 words containing Background, Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusion followed by 3 to 5 Keywords.

 Keywords:  Keywords will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article as they are published with abstract. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus ( The authors should be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the article accurately.

   Background and Objectives: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.

   Methods: This should include the exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose, and route of administration must be given. The statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program

    Results: It must be presented in the form of text, tables, and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.

 Discussion and Conclusions: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow them.

 Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgment section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance, and departmental head who only provided general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

 Conflict of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.

 Tables and figures: The number of tables and figures together should not exceed 6 for original article and review article, and 2 for short communication. Do not submit tables as photographs. Place caption above the table and explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the heading. Figures should be of high-quality artwork and mounted on separate pages. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, figures, and text, simultaneously. Both tables and figures should be numbered consecutively.

 References: All manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant references. The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the authors. To minimize such errors author should verify references against the original documents. The reference should be numbered in the text consecutively and listed at the end of the manuscript according to their number. Please print the surnames and initials of the first three authors followed by et al. The reference style should follow the presented model

  • Journal articles: surnames and initials of the first, three authors followed by et al, Title of manuscript, Name of journal (abbreviated according to PubMed) Year; Vol (no): Pages.

Example: Seeff LB, Buskell-Bales Z, Wrught EC, et al. Long term mortality after transfusion-associated none A, non B hepatitis. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute study group. N Engl J Med 1992; 27: 1906-11.

  • Book: surname and initials of the author(s). Name of the book. Edition no. Place of publication: Publisher; Year: Pages.

Example:  Kates M. Techniques of Lipidology. 2nded. New York: Elsevier; 1992: 172-5.

  • ·  Chapter of a book: surname and initials of the author(s) of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In: surname and initials of the author(s). Name of the book. Edition no. Place of publication: Publisher; Year: Pages.

Example: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995: 465-78.

  •    Conference presentations:

Example: Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy, and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, et al. Eds. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th world congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. 1992: 1561-5.

  •   Reports: surname and initials of the author(s) of the report. Title of the report. The name of the organization to which the report is written: country, city. Year: Pages


Example:  Author (s). Title of the report. A report to x: Country, City. Year: pages.

  • Citing materials on Internet:

    Example:   Author (s). Title. [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: URL: http://....

  • Theses: surname and initials of the author(s) of the thesis. (Dissertation). Title of the Thesis. City: University; Year: pages.

  Example: Author(s). Title of the thesis. (Dissertation). City: University; Year: pages.

    Note: If any of the references are in other languages rather than English, it should be written in parenthesis after the reference. The example of the original article is as below:

Example: Nedjat S, Majdzadeh R, Rashidian A, et al. Admission of medical students from bachelor’s degree: why?. Hakim Research Journal 2007; 10(2): 1-7. (Article in Persian)


·         The rest of the reference types should be according to Vancouver style.


 Proof Reading: A computer printout is sent to the corresponding author for proofreading before publication in order to avoid any mistakes. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the Journal office.


Abbreviations and symbols: Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid using them in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.


Ethical guidelines: To publish an article in a research journal, author(s) are requested to get the ethical permission (Ethical Approval Code) from their institute. In this permission, authors will agree upon standard ethical behavior. Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section.  


  •  Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project.
  • Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals comply with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency. Note that the Provision of a statement from the Bioethics Committee is essential for clinical trials and other relevant studies.

Financial support: In case of any financial support, it is important to mention the name of the respective organization/institute and the project number at the end of the manuscript.


Criteria for Authorship: (According to National Guideline on Publication Ethics)

All of the following four criteria must be met at the same time for authorship.

1-The author must have effective and significant cooperation in at least one of the following   sub-categories:


A: Research idea


B: Study design


A: Data collection


D: Analysis and interpretation of data


2- The author must cooperate in the preparation of the manuscript draft or in revising or reviewing it critically so that the manuscript is subject to change and evolution in terms of scientific content. It is clear that there must be the necessary scientific competence to critically review based on scientific experience and educational or work experience.

3- The author must have read and approved the final manuscript before publishing it.

4- The author must be responsible for responding to all the aspects of conducting research leading to the manuscript, including the responsibility to follow general and specific guidelines for research ethics in the design, conduct, and publication of the manuscript. The author must either have done the various stages of the work him/herself in compliance with the scientific, technical and ethical standards or must be sure of the integrity and scientific ability of those who have done the various stages of the work.


Note 1: It is forbidden to remove the name of the person or persons who have the four above-mentioned criteria for authorship (Ghost author).


Note 2: It is forbidden to add the name of a person or persons who do not meet the four above-mentioned criteria for authorship (Guest author).



Note 3: Ethical and legal responsibility for mentioning the names of individuals whose names are among the authors of the manuscript without having all four above-mentioned criteria for authorship, or despite having the four above-mentioned criteria for authorship their names removed from the list of authors, is the responsibility of all authors.



Note 4: The requirement to have criteria for authorship also applies to the research teams that have multiple members, and mere membership in a research group or the presence of a person as a research project partner does not create the necessary criteria for authorship.

Even if they have stopped working with that center or research team, they need to have the opportunity to participate as an author under other criteria for authorship.



Note 5: In the manuscript that result from student dissertations, the authors, including the relevant student, supervisors, advisors, etc., must meet all the four above-mentioned criteria for authorship.



Note 6: Merely cooperating in matters such as preparing and financing the research budget, providing consultations such as statistical and methodological consulting, creating or providing laboratory facilities, conducting tests related to patients or research samples, or referring and introducing patients to the researchers will not create sufficient criteria for authorship; even if they have not received a fee for providing the above-mentioned services.


Note 7: All those who have cooperated in supporting, designing, executing, or other stages of research but do not have all the four above-mentioned criteria for authorship, must be appreciated in the “Acknowledgment" section.


Note 8: Someone who is only a translator or editor of a manuscript does not have the criteria for authorship. In case the translation is done by a translator other than the authors, it is necessary to mention this issue in the "Acknowledgments" section.



Page charges: There are no charges for publication in this Journal.


Copyright: The entire contents of the Strides in Development of Medical Education Journal are protected under international copyrights. This Journal is for your personal noncommercial use. You may not modify, copy, distribute, transmit, display, or publish any materials contained on the Journal without the prior written permission of it or the appropriate copyright owner.


Peer review process: All manuscripts are considered to be confidential. They are peer-reviewed by at least 2 anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor's decision to accept, reject, or modify.


The Final Checklist

  The authors must ensure that before submitting the manuscript for publication, they have taken care of the following:


  1. The title page should contain the full title, running title, name of the author/co-authors, their highest academic degree and affiliation, along with mailing address, E-mail address, Phone& The fax number for future correspondence.


  2. Abstract in Structured format up to 250 words 

  3. References as stated in the Instruction to Authors section.


  4. Tables should be typed on separate pages.


  5. Make sure for Headings of Tables, their numbers, and Captions of illustrations. Don’t repeat the information in tables if it is covered in the text.


  6. Photographs/illustrations along with their captions.


  7. Declaration Letter signed by all the authors.


  8. Disclosure regarding source of funding and conflict of interest if any besides approval of the study from respective Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board.


  9. Covering Letter