Strides in Development of Medical Education

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University -Shahrebabak branch, Kerman, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Nursing, MSc in Medical Education, Assistant Professor, Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Nursing, MSc in Medical Education, Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Physiologic Research center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

  Background & Objective: In recent decades there have been substantial changes in the design and delivery of medical education in congruence with the higher demand for improved professional competencies of medical graduates Taskbased learning is an integrated system and a multidisciplinary teaching and learning approach In taskbased learning the focus of learning is a set of tasks addressed by a doctor in clinical practice In this method subjects are taught through the performance of tasks and understanding of concepts and mechanisms underlying the tasks The aim of this study was to review articles on taskbased learning in medical education   Methods: Electronic databases and publishers such as ScienceDirect PubMed Scopus Google Scholar SID and Magiran were reviewed in 2014 All articles on taskbased learning in medical education without consideration of publication date were collected Studies which had the inclusion criteria (relevant to the field of medicine having objectives method sample size analysis a specific conclusion and availability of the full text) were selected In total 10 qualitative quantitative or mixed studies were selected for analysis   Results: Although taskbased learning had been used in different levels and situations evidence suggested that in comparison to the traditional training method it has more efficiency and effectiveness Taskbased learning is an important tool in medical education with positive effects on faculty members students and patients   Conclusion: This study has shown that taskbased learning is a powerful educational strategy and has been accepted as an appropriate tool in teaching and learning activities in most medical schools Therefore it is recommended for the promotion of knowledge skills and professional competency

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