Strides in Development of Medical Education

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. candidate of Educational Administration, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Educational Administration, Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Educational Administration, Professor, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


Background & Objective: Having employees with appropriate environmental behaviors and paying attention to their environmental knowledge and training is an important issue especially for industrial companies However the lack of prioritization of this important issue is one of the effective factors in the declining trend of‏ environmental performance improvement of industrial companies Therefore the main purpose of the present study was to evaluate the environmental knowledge of physicians and nurses working at ParseJonoubi Company Iran and propose appropriate methods for their environmental training Methods: This research was a descriptive survey The statistical population included all physicians and nurses working at ParseJonoubi Company from among which 135 individuals were selected through random stratified sampling method and based on the Morgan Table The data collection tool was a researchermade environmental knowledge questionnaire based on the view of Frick et al Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics t independent t Friedman and chisquare tests Results: The knowledge of physicians and nurses in their own view regarding environmental systems was near average (31 and 33 respectively) Physicians and nurses knowledge on environmental action was near average (32) and below average (26) respectively Their knowledge of effectiveness was higher than average (physicians: 38 nurses: 43) Generally physicians estimated their environmental knowledge as slightly higher than average (36) and nurses as nearly average (32) Moreover there was a significant difference between the‏‏ average of the three aforementioned dimensions of their environmental knowledge and the criterion average In addition there was a significant difference between the average of the three dimensions of environmental knowledge of physicians and nurses They also ranked environmental training methods differently Descriptive statistics and chisquared test showed that 76 subjects (61%) preferred the compulsive environmental training method and 48 subjects (39%) preferred the optional method Conclusion: The results of this research indicated that physicians and nurses working at ParseJonoubi Company felt the need for obtaining generally more environmental knowledge and specifically more actionrelated knowledge Thus it is suggested that the necessary requirements be provided for the environmental training of physicians and nurses working at this company according to each groups preferred training method


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