Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, Faculty of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2 Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3 Department of Internal Medicine, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Research Center for Hydatid Disease in Iran, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

5 Community and Family Medicine, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

10.22062/sdme.2020.195086.1028

Abstract

Background: A person’s appearance and his/her adherence to the dress code standards are essential in the medical profession.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate patients’ and physicians’ viewpoints on interns’ professional outfits.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, with the participation of patients and physicians of general departments in a teaching hospital of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2018. The patients and physicians selected through convenience and census method, respectively. To examine the participants’ perspectives on professional dressing, six schematic images, three for males (1, 2, 3) and three for females (A, B, C) designed. Data collected through a structured interview in this way the schematic images were displayed to the participants and they were asked to express their perspective using a series of questions. Data analyzed using SPSS version20.
Results: Totally, 381 patients and 34 physicians participated. The majority of the Participants preferred the professional outfit A for female interns and the professional outfit 1for male interns in response to questions regarding the knowledge, responsibility, patient-care, hygiene, reliability of diagnosis and treatment of diseases, giving emergency consultations, the possibility for discussing sexual and psychiatric problems, as well as life problems. The physicians and patients had the same perspective except for the item about knowledge. (p <0.05)
Conclusion: The outfits of physicians were considered by the participants in forming an effective relationship between the doctor and the patient, the amount of patients' trust, and generally the ease and accuracy of treatment. Therefore, training interns for dressing professionally should be considered.

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