Background: The formation of small groups and education with an active learning approach is among the basics of problem-based learning (PBL).
Objectives: The present study aimed at determining the effect of the PBL approach with virtualsmall groups on academic achievement and participatory learning in midwifery students of Islamic Azad University, Jahrom Branch, Iran.
Methods: The present interventional study was performed on 50 midwifery students of Islamic Azad University, Jahrom Branch, studying at internal and gynecologic surgery course in the academic year of 2018-19. The subjects were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. The intervention and control groups underwent PBL and the conventional methods, respectively. The academic success of the participants and the active and collaborative learning was assessed. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests in SPSS.
Results: There was a significant increase in the mean score of academic achievement in the intervention group compared to controls (P <0.05). The active and collaborative learning (ACL) score of the intervention group was above average and significantly higher compared to the control group (P=0.03).
Conclusion: PBL virtual with small groups, in addition to academic success, affects ACL. This technology can be used for educational purposes, such as participation and interaction in small groups in the PBL.